The role of MRI in the detection of injury and disease

Often referred to as the 'gold standard' of diagnostic imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can produce high-quality, detailed pictures of the inside of the body. Discover the key advantages and uses of this advanced imaging technology.

The role of MRI in the detection of injury and disease

Often referred to as the 'gold standard' of diagnostic imaging, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can produce high-quality, detailed pictures of the inside of the body. Discover the key advantages and uses of this advanced imaging technology.

The advantages of MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnets and radio-frequency pulses to generate images (or pictures) of inside the body. Doctors may refer an MRI to assist with the diagnosis and treatment of many injuries and illnesses.

It may be preferred over other types of imaging because it: 

  • can be very useful in detecting/diagnosing conditions such as damaged ligaments, joint and spinal injuries, and tumours of internal organs/gland (such as the brain, liver, prostate and breast)
  • produces high-resolution pictures of soft tissue such as organs and muscles that don’t show up on x-rays
  • carries no radiation exposure risk, like in X-rays, PET and CTs.

Brain

A brain MRI can help your doctor to diagnose a variety of medical conditions, evaluate or rule out aneurysms of cerebral vessels, multiple sclerosis, tumours, conditions within the orbits (eye cavity) or inner ear, stroke, brain injury/ trauma as well as spinal cord disorders. 

Need a brain MRI? Find out more here.

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Knee

A knee MRI can evaluate or rule out knee pain, weakness and swelling, damaged cartilage, sports related injuries, bone fractures not visible on other imaging tests, extent of arthritis, infection or fluid build-up, tumours of the bone and joints and persistent pain after surgery. Doctors may also request a knee MRI if surgery is contemplated to help plan or to determine the suitability of a surgical procedure. 

Need a MRI Knee? Find out more here.

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Shoulder

An MRI of the shoulder is the only test that can simultaneously give high resolution images of the bone marrow, cartilage and muscle and tendons associated with the shoulder joint.

Need a shoulder MRI? Find out more here.

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Lumbar spine (lower back)

Doctors may also refer patients for a lumbar spine MRI in the case of lower spine or lower back injury, back pain accompanied by a fever, if there is suspicion of cancer, bladder problems such as inability to urinate or if weakness or numbness in the legs. 

Need a lumbar spine MRI? Find out more here

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